For three decades, the study of populism in Europe and the United States has been focused on groups on the far right-wing ideological extremes of politics. Their xenophobic rhetoric and anti-immigrant positions defined them, but they were considered to be on the fringes, outside "legitimate" politics. Today, scholars and others find characteristics of populism among candidates running on traditional mainstream tickets. So, we ask, what is the meaning of populism? What are its traits? Is it more style than substance? Is it defined by group or leadership behavior, by issues or by something else? Dr. Williams will help us look into recent elections in the U.S., France, Austria and the UK for markers. We will see if it can now be identified within mainstream parties, and ask if it is a clear shift or if it is over-hyped.